The Significance of Structural Engineering in Construction Industry
While observing the mammoth-sized buildings and the marvels of architecture, one thing that compels us to ponder and praise such structures is their strength and the ability to withstand the exogenous climate factors. The secret to such stability and resilience is the structural engineering that ensures that the complex structures stand firm throughout the centuries. The application of structural engineering is uniform, whether an engineer is embarking on the mission to develop a house or a gigantic bridge to connect different oceans, structural engineering always comes in handy.
Graana.com highlights the significance of Structural Engineering and why it is an essential component among construction toolkits – a concept that dates back to centuries and the industry itself. Against this backdrop, structural engineers alongside architects and civil engineers are increasing daily.
Exploring the Concept
Structural engineering is a sub-field of civil engineering that provides leeway in developing wonders in the construction sector. To be precise, the core of structural engineering is about developing structures that can withstand the load of construction materials. This study also uses other disciplines like applied mechanics and material sciences. The structure or the envelopes of the buildings and soil characteristics dominate the significant discourse in structural engineering. For a more precise understanding, structural engineering can be defined as a science about arranging the beams and columns. The buildings are able to hold the weight of the building while also having the ability to resist temperature variations.
Structural analysis is the preliminary component of the construction and design that helps to formulate the strategy for the building. Structural analysis is the foremost component in which an engineer analyses the impact of load on the walls, beams, columns, and foundations. Engineers have adopted various methods to test the strength of the beams and other supporting systems, which have a significant role to play. Moreover, the structural analysis also helps engineers assess whether a column or a beam of a particular design will be suitable for ensuring the integrity of the building. Similarly, structural analysis is also a precursor to selecting the material type as per the design requirement.
Soil exploration pertains to assessing soil properties to design the foundations and bedding of the structures. It is an essential component in structural engineering since the strength of the structures is dependent on the properties of the soil. Soil exploration is a critical tool in determining the quantity of the material and assessing the cost of inputs used in the construction. Similarly, soil exploration has a significant role in gauging the number of pillars and piles used in construction.
Load Bearing Capacity
An important component of structural engineering is to assess the load-bearing capacity of the structures. The load-bearing element is given proper attention during the planning phase, and the bearing features like structural walls and foundations are designed to transfer imposed loads. Imposed loads can be defined as the loads that a structure bears due to seismic activity or the occupancy of the buildings. As a result, the structural engineers have to calculate the load-bearing capacity of the buildings or bridges to design the pillars, walls, and foundations.
As mentioned earlier, the buildings, bridges, and other gigantic structures are meant to stay for centuries. Their longevity can be compromised if the building’s designs and construction are not resilient to natural disasters. To make disaster-resilient buildings, structural engineering is a unique field of study to construct buildings that can resist earthquakes, floods, snow, and other events of calamities. Hence, the structural engineers do comprehensive research and incorporate creativity prior to starting the development work on a building. Let’s demonstrate this with an example; structural engineer, before developing a bridge, a structural engineer will have to look at the various factors, including the downward forces exerted by the cars, vibration, and the impact of the wind.